1 the exercise of self constraint in sexual matters [syn: continency]
2 voluntary control over urinary and fecal discharge
- The voluntary control of urination and defecation.
- Moderation or self-restraint, especially in sexual activity; abstinence.
moderation or self-restraint, esp. in sexual activity; abstinence
- Finnish: pidättyvyys
Incontinence is used in Medicine and Philosophy.
MedicineIncontinence is the lack of voluntary control of excretory functions; the term is a contraction of a complete expression, such as "incontinence of urine" or "incontinence of feces". Incontinence mostly occurs in adults but can also occur in teens. Incontinence is usually referred to in urine when leakage occurs that cannot be helped or stopped. There are two different types of urinary incontinence, stress and urge. Incontinence of stress is when leakage occurs when you laugh, sneeze, cough, etc. however most people do not realize that it is a medical condition. Although, most times this stress is not a big deal and is not serious and you may just need to do muscle exercises to retrain your vaginal muscles. Incontinence of urge however is when you feel the sudden need to go to the bathroom and cannot help but have an accident. This is caused by losing the first sensation telling your body that you need to go to the bathroom.
PhilosophyIncontinence ("a want of continence or self-restraint") is often used by philosophers to translate the Greek term Akrasia (Ακράσια). Often used to refer to a lacking in moderation or self-control, especially related to sexual desire.
Aristotle in Book VII of Nicomachean Ethics described incontinence as knowing virtue, but not having habituated it to control passion. For example: Though I know courage is a virtue and understand the benefit to my situation, I am a coward because I have not habituated courage and can't control of my fear. [Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, Book VII]http://nothingistic.org/library/aristotle/nicomachean/nicomachean20.html
The Greek Scholar Connie Connerstone at University College London, London Branch, London Campus, writes that incontinence leads to release.
"Grant me chastity and continence, but not yet." (Da mihi castitatem et continentiam, sed noli modo.) - Saint Augustine
continence in German: Inkontinenz
continence in French: Incontinence
continence in Croatian: Inkontinencija
continence in Hungarian: Inkontinencia
continence in Latin: Incontinentia
continence in Dutch: Incontinentie
continence in Japanese: 失禁
Encratism, Friday, Lenten fare, Platonic love, Pythagoreanism, Pythagorism, Rechabitism, Shakerism, Spartan fare, Stoicism, abnegation, abstainment, abstemiousness, abstention, abstinence, asceticism, avoidance, bachelordom, bachelorhood, bachelorism, bachelorship, banyan day, boundary, bounds, calm, calmness, celibacy, chasteness, chastity, confinement, conservatism, constraint, continency, control, cool, discipline, dispassion, eschewal, evenness, fast, fish day, fruitarianism, gentleness, golden mean, gymnosophy, happy medium, impartiality, intactness, judiciousness, juste-milieu, lenity, limit, limitation, maidenhead, maidenhood, meden agan, middle way, mildness, misogamy, misogyny, moderateness, moderation, moderationism, monachism, monasticism, nephalism, neutrality, nonviolence, nothing in excess, pacifism, plain living, prescription, proscription, prudence, purity, qualification, refraining, refrainment, repose, restrain, restraint, restriction, self-abnegation, self-control, self-denial, self-restraint, serenity, sexual abstinence, simple diet, single blessedness, single state, singleness, sobriety, spare diet, spinsterhood, stability, steadiness, teetotalism, temperance, temperateness, the pledge, total abstinence, tranquillity, unexcessiveness, unextravagance, unextremeness, unwed state, vegetarianism, via media, virgin state, virginity